Selected documents (analyses, studies, papers) of „Parliamentary research services“ from V4 countries.
|Title||Annotation||Key words||Published on||Country||Link to original document|
|The right to petition and laws governing petition in selected EU countries.||The petiton right is a fundamental constitutional right. The petition is a request from citizens to resolve a matter of public interest. Legislation in the EU MS is either general (for all authorities), or for parliamentary petitions only. Recently there has been a renaissance of this right with regard to electronic submissions. The parliamentary procedure varies in detail in the groups parliaments. The work contains the texts of the laws in the original.||Petition, right, parliament||03.05.2019||cz||http://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/orig2.sqw?idd=156409|
|Study_2.114_The Budget Bill 2020 - basic parameters||The study provides a summary and analysis of the most important parameters of the State Budget Bill for 2020. The first part is devoted to a summary of the basic parameters, government spending priorities and expenditure framework. The study also presents macroeconomic forecast on which revenue estimates in the draft budget are based on. The text also deals with the development of debt, deficit and related fiscal targets of the government. The main part of the study focuses on analysis of revenues and expenditures of the draft state budget for 2020 e.g. in comparison with the approved budget for 2019 or analysis of the expenditures of individual budget chapters.||state budget chapters, ministry,economic developmnent, prediction, defiicit, debt, expenditure revenues, capital expenditure||10.10.2019||cz||https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/orig2.sqw?idd=162867|
|Study_2.113_Performance budgeting||The study deals with performance budgeting that represents budgeting focused on results. Performance budgeting can be described as a mechanism that links funding to measurable results, and systematically use performance information to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of public finances. Elements of performance budgeting and performance management have been implemented since the middle of the 20th century; however, PB gained more attention after the last economic crises when governments needed to focus on savings. PB is one of the principles of OECD good budgetary governance. Austria introduced performance budgeting as a part of a major reform of the budgetary process in 2009 and 2013. As part of the reform, the Parliamentary Budget Office (PBO) has been set up at parliamentary level in order to strengthen budgetary expertise to be able to help MPs in exercising their budgetary oversight function. Estonia is currently introducing PB within the framework of broader strategic planning reform. The Netherlands as well as Sweden are countries that had introduced PB in the last century and are constantly developing and modifying its budgeting system based on ex post evaluations of already introduces tools. On the contrary, Ireland introduced PB as a reaction to the recent economic crises. In Slovakia, ex post spending reviews are carried out by the Value for Money Unit at the Ministry of Finance.||performance budgeting, performance-based budgeting, performance indicators, performance of inforamtion accoungable||10.08.2019||cz||https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/orig2.sqw?idd=163582|
|Study_5.388_Comparison of selected authorities regulating audiovisual media in the EU||Due to the changing media environment, whose change is connected mainly with digitization and the opportunities offered by new technologies, it is observed a trend of so-called convergence in the regulatory environment. The trend of convergence consists in connecting previously separated agendas, which due to changes becomes to be more inter-related, under the administration of one authority. In the case of converged authorities, they cover different areas ranging from telecommunications, transport, new technologies to media regulation. This paper offers an overview of selected regulatory authorities in the EU and their agendas ranging from authorities where several agendas were converged under one authority to the traditional model where authorities specialize only in the field of media. The paper presents basic information about the legal regulation of regulatory authorities by the European Union and the Council of Europe. Furthermore, the paper provide comparison of the extent of competence of selected regulatory authorities and ways of dealing with personnel issues (selection of persons to bodies of regulatory authority, duration of their mandate, methods of dismissal). The paper presents a basic description of the functioning of authorities, compares whether authorities grant licenses for radio and television broadcasting or if authorities control content in terms of principles of objectivity and plurality of broadcasting.||media; regulation; TV; radio; broadcasting||10.10.2019||cz||https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/orig2.sqw?idd=163506|
|Study_1.244_Publication of Judgments - Regulation and Practice in EU Member States||This paper deals with the basic rules for the publication of court decisions in the EU countries. Anonymization of court decisions forms the part of the paper. Conclusion is that most countries recently reconstructed the praxis of publication of courts cases. However, the legislation is fragmented. Some states do not regulate the publication obligation at all or only regulate it fragmentarily. The highest courts and constitutional courts of most of the countries publish all cases in full version. Anonymization of participants do most of the countries. The anonymization of judges and public officials is obligatory only in the limited number of countries. Written collections have lost any importance, although in some cases the legislation requires them and continues to publish them.||court decisions, publication, anonymization, cases, databases||10.09.2019||cz||https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/orig2.sqw?idd=162868|
|Selected Topic_04/2019_BAC tolerance compared to drivers, penalties and obligatory safety measures||A comparison of the maximum possible blood alcohol content (BAC) for cyclists suggests that most European countries tolerate the consumption of alcohol by cyclists, provided that they are able to drive safely. Otherwise, cyclists are subject to sanctions that vary from one country to another (fine, imprisonment, non-motorized vehicle driving ban, driving license withdrawal, points withdrawal). Mandatory safety bicycle equipment in all countries under comparison include bicycle lighting. Some countries also require a bell, reflectors, brakes, lock, reflective vest and protective helmet.||driver, alcohol, cyclist, tollerance||10.10.2019||cz||https://www.psp.cz/sqw/text/orig2.sqw?idd=163380|