PRESENT - The contemporary Polish parliament and parliamentarism

The Sejm in the Constitutional System

The Sejm plays a vital role in the governmental system of Poland. This fact is attributable to the long historic tradition of our country, its political culture and contemporary experiences in the field of political governance expressed in the provisions of the 1997 Constitution. According to this Constitution, the Republic of Poland is a democratic State ruled by law, whose system rests on the principle of the separation and balance of powers. The Constitution recognizes the inherent, inalienable and inviolable dignity of people as a source of rights and freedoms. The fulfillment of those values and principles makes indispensable a democratically elected Parliament which would create law and control the activities of the executive power.   more information

The Sejm

The Sejm Library

The Senate in the Constitutional System

Pursuant to Article 10, Par. 2 and Article 95 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland of April 2, 1997, the Senate – side by side with the Sejm – exercises legislative power. The Senate is composed of 100 senators who are elected for a term of 4 years in general election in a direct vote by secret ballot. Side by side with the Sejm, the President of the Republic of Poland, the Council of Ministers and Polish citizens, the Senate may take legislative initiatives. In the events identified in the Constitution, the Sejm and the Senate convene as a General Assembly for a joint session chaired by the Marshal of the Sejm, or in his absence, by the Marshal of the Senate.   more information

The Senate